The adoption process may seem overwhelming and complex at times to families entering it but because of how important the process is, it is valuable to have a clear understanding of the adoption process. Last week’s blog discussed what adoption is and this week will discuss the adoption process so that families considering adoption can better understand it and the resources available to help with the process.
The adoption process creates a legal parent-child relationship that is the same as the relationship that exists between biological parents and children. Because of this, it is important to follow the proper procedures to ensure that the rights of the biological parent are properly terminated. Consent for adoption is required from the biological and legal parents of the child and it is important to understand that some special circumstances may exist for fathers in some circumstances. In addition, if the child is over the age of 12, the child’s consent will be considered but the court will disregard the child’s consent if it conflicts with the child’s best interests. In circumstances of adult adoptions, the consent rules do not apply.
In general, there are four different types of adoption in Florida, including entity adoption, step-parent adoption, close relative adoption and adult adoption. Each type of adoption has its own procedure and requirements that must be met. Once all of the requirements for the adoption have been met, a court hearing will be conducted to confirm that all the necessary requirements and paperwork for the adoption have been fulfilled. The adoption will then be finalized and parental rights of the child will be awarded to the adoptive family.
Adoption may be a significant, important and exciting step for a family and a child which is why it is useful to understand what adoption is and the different types of adoption. Knowledge of the adoption process and requirements for a successful adoption can be valuable information for any family embarking on the course of adoption.
Source: The Florida Bar, “Adoption in Florida Pamphlet,” Accessed Jan. 11, 2015