In today's society there are a variety of different types of family arrangements. Children may form strong attachments to adults other than their birth parents, such as step parents, following a divorce. Children may ultimately form bonds with step parents that are similar to the bonds they have with birth parents. Because of the reality of different types of families today, there are different situations when individuals may wish to adopt. Adoption can have both important legal and emotional benefits.
Step parents may form strong emotional bonds with their spouse's children following a new marriage. In some circumstances, families may enjoy official and legal recognition of the relationship between the child and the step parent. Depending on the circumstances, other adults, such as aunts, uncles, grandparents and close family members, may wish to seek an adoptive relationship.